"You can be as pure as the driven snow, but any time Xi Jinping wants to lean on you, he can do it and you have no appeal", he said.
"This data collection threatens to provide foreign adversaries with access to that information", he said.
TikTok, owned by Beijing-based ByteDance Ltd., declined to comment. The court had determined the ban was "arbitrary and capricious" because the Trump administration failed "to adequately consider an obvious and reasonable alternative before banning TikTok".
Sen. Josh Hawley (R., Mo.) framed the White House action as a retreat, however, tweeting Wednesday: "This is a major mistake - shows alarming complacency regarding #China's access to Americans' personal information, as well as #China's growing corporate influence".
Chinese tech firms have produced a raft of top-ranking apps in the U.S. TikTok, which has been working to make Singapore its beachhead following the U.S. government's attempted ban, came in second among the free apps on the U.S. App Store as of writing.
The White House and Congress have both taken actions to address Beijing's technological advancement but officials say, moving forward, such actions will be "evidence-based"..
Still, the language of the Biden executive order repeated numerous same safety warnings as the Trump-era ones. Companies on the list include China's state-owned telecommunications companies, telecom equipment maker Huawei and Chinese oil company China National Offshore Oil Corp.
On Tuesday, the Senate passed a bill that aims to boost US semiconductor production and the development of artificial intelligence and other technology in the face of growing global competition.
The order directs the secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the secretary of State, the secretary of Defense, the attorney general, the secretary of Health and Human Services, the secretary of Homeland Security, the director of National Intelligence, and the heads of other agencies as the secretary of Commerce deems appropriate, to recommend actions to protect Americans' data on platforms owned or controlled by a "foreign adversary" within 120 days.
Administration officials said Wednesday that TikTok continues to undergo a separate review by a government panel that reviews cross-border transactions. Critics have also warned that users' content could be censored if the CCP deems it politically sensitive-even if that user lives outside of China.
The objective of collecting biometric data on TikTok is for enabling "special video effects, for content moderation, for demographic classification, for content and ad recommendations, and for other non-personally-identifying operations", the policies state.
"President Biden is right to revoke these Trump administration executive orders, which blatantly violated the First Amendment rights of TikTok and WeChat users in the United States", she said. An update to the review was due in a court case later this week.
Last week, the president expanded a Trump-era prohibition on Americans investing in Chinese companies with purported links to China's military.