"Our assessment is that we should now squeeze that brake pedal in order to keep the virus under control", Johnson said in a televised press conference.
According to the ONS, between July 20 and 26 there were around 0.78 new Covid-19 infections for every 10,000 people in the community population in England.
"We will also extend the requirement to wear a face covering to other indoor settings where you are likely to come into contact with people you do not normally meet, such as museums, galleries, cinemas and places of worship", Mr Johnson said.
Johnson said the measures will be reviewed after two weeks.
Britain reported 846 new cases on Thursday, the highest daily number in over a month.
The report noted the R value for the United Kingdom is between 0.8 to 0.9, a change from 0.7 to 0.9.
- The decision to postpone plans to allow indoor performances was described as a "bitter blow for the music industry".
- Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon advised people not to travel across the border to those parts of northern England affected by a spike in coronavirus cases, while she said those returning should minimise contact with people from outside their household for 14 days.
"The spread is largely due to households meeting and not abiding to social distancing", Hancock said.
"My focus is not on closing borders, its about making that safe and we have put lots of things in place to make sure that when people visit Wales the information they get, the settings they visit and experiences they will have will have been made safe for them and others" said Mr Drakeford in response to a question from the Local Democracy Reporting Service.
"But we have to be realistic about this. The idea that we can open up everything and keep the virus under control is clearly wrong". He said the government must do everything it can to protect British citizens.
However, the guidance to allow employers more discretion over whether staff should work from home will go ahead as planned and the national pause on shielding remains unchanged.
"I know that the steps we are taking will be a heavy blow to many people - to everyone whose wedding plans have been disrupted, or who now can not celebrate Eid in the way they would wish, I am really, really sorry about that".