The wholesalers, US-based Tech Data and Ingram Micro, implemented the "product and customer allocation mechanisms" that Apple developed instead of setting their own policy, according to French officials.
The Apple penalty is the latest move on Silicon Valley by the French competition regulator, which fined Google €150m past year for setting "opaque" rules for its Google Ads advertising platform that were allegedly applied unfairly and randomly.
"It is also the heaviest sanction ever pronounced against an economic player, in this case Apple, whose extraordinary dimension has been duly taken into account".
Apple and two of its wholesale distribution partners, Ingram Micro and Tech Data, received fines totalling Euro 1.24 billion from the French antitrust regulator, following an investigation started in 2012. Apple also reportedly gave more stock to select wholesalers when products launched.Читайте также: Musiciens confinés, Korg et Moog offrent leurs apps de synthétiseur
U.S. tech firm Apple has been penalised €1.1bn by French anti-trust regulator, the Autorité de la Concurrence, in the biggest such fine in French history. The alleged aim was to keep the price of its products high.
"Ingram Micro is absolutely disappointed with the decision of the French Competition Authority to uphold one of the grievances raised against it by the investigation services", the distributor said.
France's Competition Authority said Apple and the re-sellers agreed not to compete.
Second, independent retailers "could not without risk undertake promotions or lower prices, which led to an alignment of retail prices", said de Silva. In other words, Apple's being fined for running a price-fixing scheme. It also said Apple subjected resellers to "unfair and unfavorable commercial conditions". Apple plans to appeal this new decision.При любом использовании материалов сайта и дочерних проектов, гиперссылка на обязательна.
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