To find out, the team examined 30 randomized controlled trials involving almost 2,500 participants who ate pasta instead of other carbohydrates in a healthy low-glycemic index diet. The study states that pasta contains a low glycemic index which can cause smaller increases in blood sugar levels than foods with a high glycemic index such as white rice, white bread, and potatoes which are digested and absorbed quickly by the body.
A new study suggests that pasta can be included as part of a healthy diet, without necessarily leading to weight gain. "In fact, analysis actually showed a small weight loss".
For the study, published in the journal BMJ Open, researchers undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of all of the available evidence from randomised controlled trials, the gold standard of research design. They found 30 trials involving nearly 2,500 participants who consumed pasta instead of other carbohydrates as part of a healthy diet with a low glycemic index.
The researchers examined 32 randomized controlled trials involving 2,448 participants who ate pasta instead of other carbohydrates in a healthy low-glycemic index diet.
Researchers concluded that pasta might have been mistakably lumped in with other fatty carbohydrates that are believed to cause weight gain. One serving measured to about one-half cup of cooked pasta.
In the 30 randomised control trials involving nearly 2,500 people, the scientists revealed, that people who ate pasta instead of other carbohydrates as part of a healthy low-glycemic index diet. They lost about one-half kilogramme over a median follow-up of 12 weeks.
So contrary to concerns, perhaps pasta can be part of a healthy diet such as a low GI diet, " says lead author John Sievenpiper from the Clinical Nutrition and Risk Modification Centre. Patsa combined with transfats or junk food would eventually lead to weight gain.
Researchers stressed that these results are generalisable to pasta consumed along with other low-glycemic index foods as part of a low-glycemic index diet.