While orbiting, the Earth travels through this debris of rocks and ice that are left behind in the wake of a comet, and when the planet crosses them, this debris looks like a display of fireworks in the sky, which has been termed as a meteor shower. Leonidas is believed to have originated from the comet Temple-Tuttle, which took 33 years to complete a revolution around the sun.
However, Canadian meteor forecasters Margaret Campbell-Brown and Peter Brown suggest the Leonids could provide rates of up to 20 meteors per hour at or before sunrise.
The website timeanddate.com has details on when the meteor shower will be visible around the world.
AMS also notes that the Leonids overlaps with the Northern Taurids meteor shower, which peaked on November 11-12.
The meteor shower appears from 14 to 21 November, but it is only visible in New Zealand from around 4am and is best viewed on a cloudless night when the moon is not too bright.
In 2034, researchers predicted that observers would have the opportunity to witness 2,000 meteors per hour in a "Leonid storm".
2020 has been a tough year for all, however, making up for it will be the night sky in November.
The meteors can be seen across all parts of the sky, and NASA advise that if you really want the ideal viewing spot you should camp out in a less populated area, away from street lights.
A burst of 1999 Leonid meteors as seen at 38,000 feet from Leonid Multi Instrument Aircraft Campaign (Leonid MAC) with 50 mm camera.
In 2019, the perspective on the shower was thwarted for some by the light of the moon.
The bright meteors can also be colourful, and they're fast, moving at 70 kilometres per second - among the fastest meteors.
"Leonids are also known for their fireballs and earthgrazer meteors". The meteors fly in all directions from this point, and are anticipated to produce around 10-20 bright meteors an hour at their peak.
"Fireballs are larger explosions of light and color that can persist longer than an average meteor streak", NASA explained, due to their origination from "larger particles of cometary material". Light pollution from cities can obstruct the view, so drive out to a quieter place with fewer lights.