Israel is the first developed country in the world to impose a second lockdown.
At a press conference on Sunday evening just before heading to Washington, D.C., to formally establish diplomatic relations with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, Netanyahu said that the restrictions would include a ban on traveling more than 500 meters (1,640 feet) from one's residence.
An Israeli cabinet minister tendered his resignation on Sunday in protest at a looming coronavirus lockdown that he argued would unfairly impede religious celebrations of Jewish holidays. He also said, "My heart is with the thousands of Jewish who come to the worship house once a year, and this time it will not happen because of the lockdown". The lockdown will allegedly last until early October and bans all gatherings over a certain number of attendees, including over the upcoming Jewish holidays of Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur, and Sukkot.
When the epidemic started in Israel, the health minister was there and now housing minister Yaakov Litzman has criticized the expected lockdown.
Mr Litzman, who leads ultra-Orthodox party Agudat Yisrael, has also threatened to pull his party out of the governing coalition over the new lockdown.
A girl wearing a mask pushes a scooter on a pavement as Israeli authorities brought back some coronavirus disease (COVID-19) restrictions after the number of new cases jumped in what officials fear could herald a "second wave" of infections, in Elad, Israel June 24, 2020. "Why have the Jewish holidays become a convenient address for tackling the coronavirus?"
The first lockdown went into effect in April when the virus first arrived.
While Mr Netanyahu was initially praised for his decisive handling of the first wave of infections, he has come under fire from the Israeli public amid a storm of corruption allegations and fury over spiralling infections.
Israel's finance ministry said the lockdown will cost the economy, which has slipped into a recession in the wake of the pandemic, an estimated 6.5bn shekels ($1.88bn).
He added that while cases were high, the country's virus mortality numbers were lower than other countries with similar outbreaks.