Both companies have developed a new generation of American capsules created to safely ferry humans to and from the ISS.
Here's how to enjoy the historic return of Crew Dragon and the closing tests it desires to move before SpaceX can begin typical operational flights to the ISS. © SpaceX A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket lifts off carrying NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley inside a Crew Dragon spaceship in the Demo-2 mission, May 30, 2020.
The group, all veterans of past ISS missions, will incorporate Akihiko Hoshide with Japan's JAXA space organization, Thomas Pesquet of the European Space Agency and NASA's Shane Kimbrough and Megan McArthur - who two months prior watched her husband Robert Behnken co-pilot the first-ever crewed flight of SpaceX's Crew Dragon capsule. It denoted the first run through in history that a business vehicle conveyed people into space and the first manned dispatch from U.S. soil since NASA's Space Shuttle resigned in 2011. He first launched aboard space shuttle Endeavour for a visit to the station in 2008 and again aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft for Expedition 49/50 in 2016. McArthur will serve as the pilot on the flight - her first trip to the space station.
She earned her wings aboard STS-125, the final space shuttle mission to the Hubble Space Telescope.
McArthur operated the shuttle's robotic arm over the course of the 12 days and 21 hours she spent in space, capturing the telescope and moving crew members during the five spacewalks needed to fix and upgrade it.
After completing his astronaut training at NASA, he flew on STS-124 as a Mission Specialist.
By taking four astronauts into space during the Crew-2 mission, the number of staff available on the ISS will increase to seven. He was launched aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft and has spent 196 days in space.