NASA has now combined some of this data into a 60 minute time-lapse of the Sun.
In order to capture the Sun's movement, scientists use special devices, such as the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) which is created to keep an eye on the star. The SDO stored as many as 425 million high-resolution images of the Sun that account for 20 million gigabytes of data over the past 10 years.
NASA has planned for another decade of observations of the Sun but for that, the SDO will be replaced by the latest Solar Orbiter, a joint NASA-European Space Agency mission.
The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument, for instance, takes a snapshot in 10 different wavelengths of light every 12 seconds. Still, every decade that our old sun burns on is a decade of turbulent, sometimes violent change - a fact that becomes beautifully evident in a new time-lapse video from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Compiling one photo every hour, the movie condenses a decade of the Sun into 61 minutes. To this end it was equipped with three cutting edge scientific instruments capable of probing a range of processes occurring in and around the Sun, including keeping track of its magnetic field and the nature of the stellar wind that streams throughout our solar system.
Eagle-eyed viewers might also catch transiting planets and solar eruptions.
NASA says dark frames in the video were caused by the Earth or Moon eclipsing the observatory as they passed between the spacecraft and the Sun. Musician Lars Leonhard was on board to compose the theme titled 'Solar Observer'.
The Sun also appears off-centre in a few images as the SDO was calibrating its instruments at the time.
While an instrument failure resulted in a longer blackout in 2016.
NASA's decade-long mission observing the sun from an orbiting satellite has produced a stunning time-lapse video.