The charges are numerous and include: racketeering (RICO), conspiracy to steal trade secrets, conspiracy to commit wire fraud, conspiracy to commit bank fraud, wire fraud, bank fraud, conspiracy to defraud the United States, conspiracy to violate International Emergency Economic Powers Act, money laundering and obstruction of justice.
The allegations come a year after the DoJ charged Huawei and Meng Wanzhou, the company's chief financial officer and the daughter of Huawei's founder Ren Zhengfei, of fraud and of circumventing sanctions.
The latest charge of trade secrets theft relates to alleged "decades-long efforts" by the company and its US - and China-based affiliates to misappropriate intellectual property (IP) from other companies-including six USA technology companies-and use it to grow Huawei's own business, the department said.
The big picture: This is the latest development in the Trump administration's campaign against Huawei, whose equipment it believes has secret "back doors" that can be exploited by the Chinese government for espionage.
The company did not immediately respond to an AFP inquiry.
These charges are in addition to previous charges on Huawei relating to violations of US sanctions on Iran in an existing indictment.
"The misappropriated intellectual property included trade secret information and copyrighted works, such as source code and user manuals for internet routers, antenna technology and robot testing technology", Donoghue continued.
According to the indictment, Huawei entered into confidentiality agreements with U.S. tech firms and then violated those deals.
"To obtain the intellectual property of the Victim Companies, [Huawei] sometimes entered into confidentiality agreements with the owners of the intellectual property and then violated the terms of the confidentiality agreements by misappropriating the intellectual property for [Huawei's] own commercial use".
The new indictment also alleges that Huawei engaged in convert efforts to ship its goods and services to Iran and North Korea, in violation of US, European and United Nations sanctions.
Senators Richard Burr and Mark Warner, members of the Senate Intelligence Committee, welcomed news of the indictment. "It uses these tactics indiscriminately against competitors and collaborators alike".