They were chosen out of over 18,000 applicants, and after two years of training, the 13 astronaut candidates will finally become eligible for NASA missions such as assignments to the International Space Station (ISS) and even Artemis missions to the Moon and eventually to Mars.
This news follows NASA's announcement in August a year ago which outlined that women would be included in its next moon mission, despite women now making up less than one third of its astronauts.
Picture: The first class of astronauts to graduate under the Artemis program after two years of training. During their training years, all of them completed training in spacewalking, ISS systems, robotics, T-38 jet proficiency and the Russian language.
In addition to being eligible for spaceflight, astronauts will also support those now in the space station and develop spacecraft for future missions. NASA has not revealed the name of the astronaut, nor the time frame of the event, to protect the astronaut's privacy, but the astronaut's treatment was detailed in a case study published last week in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Kayla Barron, a 32-year-old U.S. Navy lieutenant who served as a submarine warfare officer and the flag aide to the superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy. Cardman's research includes microorganisms found in environments such as caves or even deep-sea sediments, and she has carried out various expeditions to Antarctica.
Raja Chari is a US Air Force colonel from Cedar Falls, Iowa, with a bachelor's degree in astronautical engineering and engineering science and a master's degree in aeronautics and astronautics. He is also a commercial pilot and has led research at NASA.
Matthew Dominick is a US Navy lieutenant commander from Wheat Ridge, Colorado, with a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering and a master's degree in systems engineering. Like Chari, he is also a graduate of the US Naval Test Pilot School.
Bob Hines, 44, a U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel who flew as a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) flight test pilot and NASA research pilot at Johnson Space Center. He was also a developmental test pilot on F-15 models while working on his master's in aerospace engineering. Hines was also deployed during Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.
There are three basic requirements for anyone who wants to go to space: a Bachelor's degree in a STEM field, three years of related professional experience, and to pass the NASA astronaut physical. He previously served the Bay Area Mountain Rescue Unit and Yosemite Search and Rescue. Hoburg was also an assistant professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT.
Dr. Jonny Kim is a US Navy lieutenant and resident physician in emergency medicine from Los Angeles. Kim was also a Navy SEAL who served over 100 combat missions, winning a Silver Star and Bronze Star with Combat V (with value).
Joshua Kutryk is one of the Canadian Space Agency candidates and a Royal Canadian Air Force lieutenant colonel from Beauvalion, Alberta. Kutryk holds a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering and master's degrees in space studies, defense studies and flight testing technology. He has been an experimental test pilot and a fighter pilot.
Jasmin Moghbeli is a US Marine Corps major from Baldwin, New York, with a bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering with information technology and a master's degree in aerospace engineering. She has worked testing H-1 helicopters.
Loral O'Hara, 36, a research engineer at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in MA, where she worked on deep-ocean research submersibles and robots. O'Hara designed, tested and operated submarines and ocean-going robots at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in MA.
Dr. Francisco Rubio is a lieutenant colonel of the US Army from Miami, Florida, with a bachelor's degree in global relations and a doctorate in medicine. Previously, he was a surgeon and pilot of a Blackhawk helicopter during combat.
Jennifer "Jenni" Sidey-Gibbons, 31, an engineer who conducted research on flame propagation in microgravity in collaboration with CSA and as an assistant professor in combustion at the University of Cambridge. She is from Calgary, Alberta and earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering as well as a doctorate in engineering.