Numerous migrants from the 2018 caravan applied for asylum, something that is now hard or impossible.
"We will warn those in the caravan that they are probably going to be able to arrive to the border (with Mexico), but from there on they are going to collide with a wall that they will not be able to penetrate and we believe many of them are going to give up". These agreements let the USA ship asylum seekers who arrive at the southern border back to those countries even if that's not where they're from because, as the government sees it, they should've pursued asylum in one of those countries while passing through. "They will do everything in their powers to stop it from passing".
Some migrants said they were aware that getting to the United States would be tough, but said they would try anyway.
"We aren't living here, we're just surviving", said Elmer Garcia, 26, a migrant from the town of Comayagua who set out from San Pedro Sula early Wednesday.
"There are dead people every day and there is a lack of work...there is no security", said one Honduran national.
Gerson Noé Monterroso, 34, has been unemployed for the last five years. He left his home in Choloma, just north of San Pedro Sula, with dreams of finding a job to send money back to his family. "We are not even safe in our own homes". The tariffs never took effect because the Mexican government made additional commitments to stop migrants from reaching the United States, commitments that Mexico has so far honored. He was turned back the other two times.
"The truth is, it is going to be impossible for [the migrants] to reach the United States", Itsmania Platero, a human rights activist told the Associated Press. The agreement lets the USA send asylum seekers back to the Central American country even if the person isn't from there, and as the ACLU argues in a Wednesday court filing, it's effectively attempting to "end asylum at the southern border, plain and simple". "The Mexican police have a large contingent and they are going to catch all the migrants without documents and they will be detained and returned to their home countries".
Israel Connor, a Nicaraguan who has been living in Honduras since fleeing political and social upheaval, left Wednesday with his wife and their three children, ages 3 to 5. "We know we are going to get through Guatemala, and God will soften the hearts of the Mexican authorities".
Hundreds of people, mostly Hondurans, began walking and hitching rides from San Pedro Sula, Honduras, on Wednesday in hopes of starting another migrant caravan similar to one that traversed through Mexico and inundated American border agents in 2018.