The average DoubleTree chocolate chip cookie bakes in a convection oven for 16-18 minutes at 300 degrees Fahrenheit on Earth but, with no cookie recipe specific for space, the process had to take some trial and error.
Following the November 2 launch from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia, ISS Commander Luca Parmitano of the European Space Agency baked the brand's cookie dough inside the prototype oven, one cookie at a time, as fellow crew members, including NASA astronaut Christina Koch, checked on the progress.
While looking more or less normal, the best cookies required two hours of baking time last month up at the International Space Station.
Astronauts on the ISS were directed to adjust the bake time for each of the five cookies - the first four at 148C and the fifth at 163C - in order to ascertain the ideal conditions in space. We don't how they taste yet since they have been frozen at a Houston-based laboratory. The first cookie went in for 25 minutes but was under-cooked, so the second was kept in for 75 minutes, and released that freshly-baked cookie smell.
The makers of the oven expected a difference in baking time in the room, but not that big.
"There is still a lot to research to find out what that difference is, but it is definitely a cool result", said Mary Murphy, manager for Nanoracks in Texas, this week.
Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano used to be the grasp baker in December, radioing down a description as he baked them one by one within the prototype Zero G Oven. The first cookie was left in the oven for 25 minutes at 300 Fahrenheit and not baked, so Parmitano continued to increase the time. He more than doubled the baking time for the next two, and the implications recognize been composed so-so.
The fourth cookie stayed within the oven for two hours, and within the extinguish success.
Parmitano cranked the oven up to its maximum 163 degrees C for the fifth cookie and baked it for 130 minutes. Three of the cookies were sent back to Earth for additional testing by food scientists. Recently astronauts have had the opportunity to do something that has never been done before: baking cookies in space.
However, that is exactly what they did after successfully baking the famous DoubleTree by Hilton chocolate chip cookies.
The hotel chain provided the cookie dough, the same kind used for cookies offered to hotel guests. They have also offered to donate one to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, where it is being considered for collection.
'The reminder of home, the connection with home, I think, can't be overstated, ' Massimino said. "From my non-public expertise ... meals is stunning important for no longer staunch food regimen but furthermore for morale in keeping of us associated to their dwelling and their Earth".
Eating anything other than dehydrated or prepackaged food will be especially important as astronauts return to the moon and further to Mars.
Based in New York City, Zero G Kitchen was founded with a goal of building a kitchen in space, piece-by-piece, and offering its use to a variety of food researchers, educators and companies with an interest in the future of food and household appliances in space.