Lead researcher Dr Claire Rees, of Queen Mary University of London, said: "Trials may have overestimated efficacy by combining high-grade cervical disease with low-grade cervical changes that occur more frequently but often resolve spontaneously without progressing".
HPV is so common that most people will become infected at some point.
NHS England has today (Jan 20) announced that there is a new "potential to eliminate" cervical cancer completely thanks to the change in primary test within the NHS Cervical Cancer Screening Programme and the effectiveness of the HPV vaccine. According to the national clinical director for cancer, Professor Peter Johnson, screening is among the best ways of having protection against cervical cancer.
She expects that as more children are vaccinated, both pre-cancer and cervical cancer rates will continue to decline.
Since the nationwide cervical screening programme was rolled out in 1988, thousands of cases have been prevented, the charity claims.
In unfortunate cases young women are diagnosed with the disease, but experts can not expect to see cancer rates really come down until decades into the future.
You will be automatically invited every three years if you are aged 25-49, and every five years if you are 50-64.
As alarming as those statistics sound, cervical cancer has remained the number one cause of all cancer deaths in Nigeria among women of reproductive age between 15 and 44. The women in the study received the quadrivalent vaccine, known to be effective against 70 per cent of cervical cancers.
While some find the procedure uncomfortable, it should not be painful. It's only if you go on to develop a condition linked to HPV, like genital warts or cancer, you'd really know.
The 32-year-old Londoner was diagnosed with stage one cervical cancer following a screening in 2015. She also is very happy at the prospect that cervical cancer may be eliminated for good.
Following surgery a month later, Ms Sofianos is in remission.
Using a soft brush, a cell sample is taken, which gets tested for HPV. Being a AIDS defining illness, its mandatory to educate the masses about safe sexual practices to avoid HPV infection and subsequent Cervical cancer.
"So it's estimated as many as 90-95 percent of people in the US have a strain of HPV".
After a smear, the next step depends on whether HPV is detected.
When cell changes are abnormal, a woman may be invited for a colposcopy, which allows for closer examination of the cervix.