The World Meteorological Organization has said that so far this year the global temperature is 1.1 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial average.
Along with this data, it has been reported that the year 2019 specifically is likely to be the second or third warmest year on record.
In October, the global mean sea level reached its highest on record, fuelled by the 329 billion tonnes of ice loss from the Greenland ice sheet in 12 months. He added that heatwaves and floods, which used to be "once in a century" events, are becoming more regular events.
According to the report, 7 million internal displacements were recorded between January and June 2019 which were triggered by hazard events which also included displacements caused by Cyclone Fani which hit Odisha coast in May and was the strongest tropical cyclone to hit the state since 1999.
Weather disasters displaced millions of people this year and affected rainfall patterns from India to northern Russian Federation and the central United States, and many other regions. "We are nowhere near on track to meet the Paris Agreement target".
According to the United Nations report, the cuts required per year to meet the projected emissions levels for 2 degrees Celsius and 1.5 degrees Celcius would have been 0.7 per cent and 3.3 per cent respectively if serious action had begun in 2010.
2019 has already witnessed deadly heatwaves in Japan, Australia, and Europe along with superstorms in southeast Africa, Australia, and America. According to the United Nations IPCC, the GHG concentrations must stabilise at 450 parts per million (ppm) Carbon dioxide if the planet is to have a 50% chance of avoiding a risky global average temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius or more above pre-industrial levels.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in 2018, described how vital it was for humanity to aim for a safer cap of 1.5 degrees Celcius - ideally through lessening greenhouse gas emissions and shifting the global economy to renewable energy.
The world was nowhere on track to meet the target of the Paris Agreement to limit temperature rise to "well below" 2C, and was now on track for a 3C increase, he said. And while governments spend hundreds of billions of dollars subsidising fossil fuels, there appears to be no consensus in Madrid over how countries already dealing with climate-related catastrophe can fund efforts to adapt to the new reality. CO2 lasts in the atmosphere for centuries and the ocean for even longer, thus locking in climate change.
"There is no indication of a fade out of the warming", Taalas told reporters. "The numbers will be higher if we continue our current behavior". Christian Aid's global climate lead Kat Kramer said the WMO report showed the need for concrete progress in Madrid.