As the world's leaders gather in Madrid this week to discuss the final details of implementing the Paris Agreement to cut emissions by 2030, global carbon emissions are set to reach a record high (again) in 2019, a new report has revealed. In Asia, more people are buying cars and flying by plane, which will likely increase global Carbon dioxide emissions from oil in the next decade and beyond. While experts thought we hit a period of stabilization between 2014 to 2016, Carbon dioxide emissions rose in 2017 and have been rising ever since.
According to those numbers, India's carbon dioxide emissions in 2014 was 1.99 billion tonnes, while its total greenhouse gas emissions, which include other greenhouse gases like methane and nitrous oxide, was 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.
Energy use overall continues to rise, and the carbon intensity of that energy production is still high.This is its 14th global carbon budget report, the findings of which are outlined in three new papers published in Earth System Science Data, Environmental Research Letters, and Nature Climate Change.
2018 saw carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere reach a new record high - 407 parts per million, 147 percent higher than pre-industrial levels, largely due to a surge in demand for coal and oil. For example, in 2019, the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has approved 11 LNG export projects. That slight improvement is due mainly to the dramatic drop in coal use in the US and Europe. "Natural gas is now the biggest contributor to the growth in emissions".
Global carbon emissions has grown more slowly in 2019 compared to last year, according to a study which suggests this could be due to several factors, including slower growth in coal use in China and India compared to recent years.
At the same time, coal use is increasing elsewhere to meet energy demand, although more slowly than in the past. It's simply working alongside fossil fuel sources to provide new energy, so carbon emissions aren't offset. New energy produced around the world today results in the same amount of Carbon dioxide pollution as it did three decades ago.
In Europe, electricity generation from coal dropped by 22 per cent compared with 2018 due to a sharp rise in the price of carbon combined with additional policy factors at the European Union and individual state level.
"We need to deploy them faster and more quickly than we have to date, while providing additional energy to hundreds of millions of people still living in energy poverty", they said.
In the US and Europe, per capita oil consumption is already 5 to 20 times higher than in China and India. But nonetheless, compared to a year ago and 2017 the growth rate was down substantially. In the United States there is already almost one vehicle per person, while in many developing markets this ratio is far lower, with one vehicle for every six people in China and one for every 40 people in India.
The slowdown in global emissions growth was still significant, said Pep Canadell, the GCP's executive director.
With regards to the United States, the researchers said emissions could fall by 1.7 per cent (-3.7 per cent to +0.3 per cent) in 2019, with a projected decrease of 10 per cent in coal-based emissions. That's the template we all need to follow to an even higher degree, but we also need to use every tool we have, and that means behavioral changes on top of systemic ones, says Jackson.
Fines issued in 2020 for misreporting emissions regulated through the ETS will be calculated using a price of £21.93 per tonne of CO2, the department said in a communication issued last week.