The Chandrayaan 2's Vikram lander was targeted to land on Moon's highland smooth plain, about 600 kilometres from its the South Pole.
A major moon mystery has now been solved.
A NASA satellite orbiting the Moon has found India's Vikram lander which crashed on the lunar surface in September, the U.S. space agency has said. Those ambitions were cut short when the Indian Space Research Organization lost touch with the lander as it was approaching the lunar surface on September 7 after being released by the orbiter.
NASA's LRO took this mosaic image of the Vikram lander crash site on the moon.
The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera team released the first mosaic (acquired September 17) of the site on September 26 and many people have downloaded the mosaic to search for signs of the Vikram lander.
The LRO team was finally able to locate the lander's debris field with the help of some sharp eyes. When the images for the first mosaic were acquired the impact point was poorly illuminated and thus not easily identifiable. "Green dots indicate spacecraft debris".
That tipoff, plus images with better lighting and resolution taken in mid-October and on November 11, gave LROC specialists the details they needed to map the full scope of the surface changes caused by the hard landing.
Lighting conditions had made it hard to spot the subtle changes on the moon's surface that showed where the lander broke apart on impact.
The impact point shows up in this processed image as a group of dark rays with brighter material around it.
The lander and the rover it had on board may have met a sad fate, but the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter is still in operation and is busy studying the moon in detail from above.