Having recommended the government to legislate for such a target - with the crucial requirement that the target is taken seriously and met with sufficient policy action - Lord Deben, chairman at the Committee on Climate Change, said the committee was delighted the government had agreed to put the target to a parliamentary vote.
The British government on Wednesday outlined legislation to reduce carbon emissions to net zero by 2050 in what it said would be a first for a major economy. However, it is imperative that other major economies follow suit and so for that reason, the United Kingdom will conduct a further assessment within 5 years to confirm that other countries are taking similarly ambitious action, multiplying the effect of the UK's lead and ensuring that British industries do not face unfair competition. They will start their review in July. We have made huge progress in growing our economy and the jobs market while slashing emissions.
"Now is the time to go further and faster to safeguard the environment for our children", she said.
"Standing by is not an option", May said in a statement from her office in London on Tuesday evening. According to the CCC, extensive electrification, particularly of transport and heating, and a more ambitious offshore wind capacity goal of 75 GW by 2050 would be important pieces of the net-zero puzzle.
Britain has slashed carbon dioxide output by 44 per cent since 1990 to the lowest levels since the 1890s, data from the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy shows.
The UK is already a centre for clean growth and innovation.
Steve Elliott, Chief Executive of the Chemical Industries Association, said that it will be important to get the balance right between medium-term solutions such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) and hydrogen, and short-term solutions such as addressing United Kingdom policy costs like those that result in high power costs for business.
"Climate leadership can drive United Kingdom competitiveness and secure long-term prosperity".
In it, Dale says that even if that year's weather effects are short lived and this kind of growth in energy demand and carbon emissions slows, the recent trends "feel very distant" from what's needed to meet the climate goals set out in the Paris Agreement of 2016. The radical move recommended by the government's climate-change adviser has won backing from across the political spectrum even as debate about leaving the European Union roiled United Kingdom lawmakers.
"The report we commissioned from the Committee on Climate Change makes clear that we have laid the foundations to achieve a net zero emissions economy, and that it is necessary and feasible". To do this, we need to see both policy and industry leadership to ensure the built environment is at the vanguard of emissions reductions. Engineers will play a vital advisory role to ensure the deployment of large-scale projects, programmes and large investment in infrastructure is achieved in an effective and timely manner.
The UK has been one of the more successful countries in the world at cutting emissions and intends to stop burning coal for power generation by 2025.
"And it's going to act as a massive spur to the UK's bid to host the United Nations climate summit in 2020, because the UK can now legitimately say that it has done what all governments will have to soon: committing to ending its contribution to climate change". "This target presents an opportunity to develop a world-leading green economy, upskill the current workforce and prepare the next generation to step up to this challenge". "If we get that balance right, then the United Kingdom chemical industry and its 140,000 skilled workers across the country can help accelerate the delivery of green solutions, benefitting society and the environment".
Under this act, the government has used the terminology "net zero" greenhouse gases by 2050.