Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey has signed into law a bill that requires anyone convicted of a sex crime with a child younger than 13 to undergo chemical castration as a condition of their parole.
Under the law, offenders convicted of sex crimes with children younger than 13 will have to be chemically castrated before they leave prison, with the treatment beginning at least a month before their release date and continuing until a judge deems it no longer necessary. The parolee is required to pay for the treatment unless a court determines he can not.
Governor Kay Ivey signing into law the Alabama Human Life Protection Act.
The bill was sponsored by Republican Steve Hurst of Munford, and passed on Thursday, May 30, the next-to-last day of the legislative session.
The bill defines chemical castration as "the receiving of medication, including, but not limited to, medroxyprogesterone acetate treatment or its chemical equivalent, that, among other things, reduces, inhibits or blocks the production of testosterone, hormones, or other chemicals in a person's body".
As the Washington Post explained in an article last week, "An offender could choose to stop getting the medication and return to prison to serve the remainder of their term". If the person stops taking the drug the effects can be reversed.
Several states have versions of chemical castration in their laws. However, according to the law, if an offender stops taking the medication they will be considered to be in violation of parole and will be returned to custody.
MI used to have a law mandating chemical castration as a parole condition, but an appeals court in 1984 ruled it unlawful.
Critics of mandated chemical castration, such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) say it is a violation of the Eighth Amendment's ban of "cruel and unusual punishment".
"I'm very serious", Hurst said.