Eating a chicken could raise a person's "bad cholesterol" to similar levels as eating a steak, contradicting long-thought ideas about health differences between the meats, new research suggests. A comparable amount of plant protein does not lead to such an effect.
"Our results indicate that current advice to restrict red meat and not white meat should not be based only on their effects on blood cholesterol", Krauss noted in a university news release. "I don't want people to get too focused on an all-or-nothing approach", said Ronald Krauss, the study's lead author.
After tracking how red meat, white meat and plant protein all impacted cholesterol levels, Krauss and his team determined that both red and white meat prompted higher blood cholesterol levels than diets containing an equivalent amount of plant protein.
Sayer has conducted randomized clinical trials to investigate the impact of red meat consumption on cardiometabolic health and weight loss in adults with obesity.
The researchers say eating proteins from dairy, legumes and vegetables provide the best cholesterol benefit.
The bottom line is red and white meats are equal in dietary terms - lean poultry is the same as lean beef when it comes to cholesterol.
In the last few decades the consumption of red meat in Western countries has declined due to concerns regarding its Association with risk of cardiovascular disease.
Researchers at the Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) in the USA state of California recruited more than 100 healthy volunteers for their diet experiment.
The UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals are known worldwide for basic and clinical research and are at the forefront of translating research into interventions for treating and preventing pediatric disease.