Be that as it may, many haven't surrendered; Israel's SpaceIL endeavored to arrive on the moon this year and fizzled, while other previous candidates like Astrobotic or iSpace in Japan are intending to advance with their missions.
These companies with be building moon landers that will carry science equipment and technology demonstration to the surface of the moon.
Orbit Beyond's consortium also includes U.S. firms Honeybee Robotics, Advanced Space, Ceres Robotics, and Apollo Fusion to handle tasks including the installation of scientific payloads, manoeuvring from the earth to the moon and operations on the lunar surface.
In an announcement yesterday, NASA will spend investing in private companies a total of around $253 million in contracts to enable them to perform these missions on behalf of NASA in the next following years. Following a successful manned mission, the space agency will then establish a sustainable human presence on the moon by 2028. Indeed, even the CLPS program will fly logical instruments from seven distinct nations to the moon.
"When I say we are buying a ride, that's literally what we are doing", Steve Clark, who leads NASA's exploration programs, said on May 31.
Finally, Orbit Beyond in Edison, New Jersey proposed to bring up to four payloads to the lava plain Mare Imbrium by September 2020.
Astrobotic proposed to fly as many as 14 payloads to Lacus Mortis, a large crater on the near side of the Moon, by July 2021. The company has not yet specified a launcher.
Intuitive Machines, a Houston-based company, proposed to fly five payloads to Oceanus Procellarum, a dark spot on the Moon, by July 2021. A Falcon 9 will be used to launch the Nova-C. "It's been nearly 50 years since we've been back as a country". Our scientists are going to get really, really smart about that's up there.
Potential payloads include instruments that will conduct new lunar science, pinpoint lander position, measure the lunar radiation environment, assess how lander and astronaut activity affects the moon and assist with navigation precision. "This is truly exciting, a new way for us at NASA to do business", said Thomas Zurbuchen, the head of NASA's science mission directorate. "What we learn will not only change our view of the universe but also prepare our human missions to the Moon and eventually Mars".
NASA has recently confirmed that it is planning on sending astronauts to the dark side of the Moon in its upcoming lunar mission.