"People living with HIV truly can end up imperceptible and hence they are not ready to transmit [the virus]", he said. This study nows shows that antiretroviral treatments are just as effective in homosexual couples as they are for heterosexuals. Our findings support the message of the worldwide U=U campaign that an undetectable viral load makes HIV untransmittable. Hopefully, the day is not far when HIV and AIDS won't raise eyebrows!
The European study targeted situations where one was living with HIV and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the other was HIV-negative over eight years, from 2010 to 2017.
The report, published in The Lancet medical journal, shows that using ART to suppress HIV virus to undetectable levels renders it incapable of transmission during sex, according to the researchers. Its findings add to an earlier phase of the study that looked at HIV transmission risk for serodifferent heterosexual couples who also did not use condoms.
"Diagnosis of HIV infection is hard in the early stages of infection when transmission is very efficient, and this limitation also compromises the treatment as prevention strategy."According to the National Aids Trust, 97% of people on HIV treatment in the United Kingdom have an undetectable level of the virus, meaning they can not pass it on".
During discussions, the DOH was able to convince PEPFAR leadership that government is committed to initiating an additional two million people with HIV on treatment by December 2020, as announced by President Ramaphosa during the 2018 State of the Nation Address.
To understand and influence how quickly testing programs are diagnosing HIV and getting individuals on treatment, the timeliness of diagnosis and ART initiation would ideally be measurable and carefully monitored at the population level.
Deborah Gold, chief executive of National AIDS Trust said more should be done to get the message out to healthcare workers and the public.
Avert.org is helping to prevent the spread of HIV and improve sexual health by giving people trusted, up-to date information.
However, she added that government funding cuts to specialist health services would make it more hard to achieve a goal of eliminating transmission by 2030.
In the study, the men with HIV had been taking antiretroviral therapy for an average of four years before it began, making the virus undetectable, defined as fewer than 200 copies per ml of blood.
"Our findings provide conclusive evidence for gay men that the risk of HIV transmission with suppressive ART is zero", said Alison Rodger, from University College London, who co-lead the research. "We think this is vital to addressing stigma". "The results ... provide yet one more catalyst for a universal test-and-treat strategy to provide the full benefits of antiretroviral drugs". It also found zero risks.