It came less than 24 hours after Mr Trump signed an executive order banning.
The action comes as the world's two largest economies ratchet up tariffs in a battle over what USA officials call China's unfair trade practices.
One day after the United States moved to block Huawei from the USA market and banned the export of U.S. technology and materials to the company, China warned Washington Thursday against further harming trade ties.
Ross noted in an interview yesterday with Fox Business Network that even many United States rural telecommunications companies use the cheaper Huawei technology in their 4G systems.
The U.S. has not directly responded to this economic argument, but has maintained for a long time that Huawei's business activities pose a threat to national security.
"China will take all the necessary measures to resolutely safeguard the legitimate rights of Chinese firms".
The Trump administration has said it would add Huawei Technologies and 70 affiliates to its "Entity List" - a move that will likely ban the firm from acquiring US components and technology without government approval, adding another incendiary element to the U.S.
Huawei said it is working on measures to reduce the impact, without providing details.
The order doesn't mention Huawei or China by name, but it was widely seen as targeting Huawei and other Chinese companies such as ZTE.
In what some have compared to the Cold War arms race, the United States is anxious that 5G dominance would give any global competitor such as China an advantage Washington is not ready to accept.
Washington lawyer Douglas Jacobson, a trade expert, said there would be collateral impact on the USA companies that sell to Huawei. "Huawei will seek remedies immediately and find a resolution to this matter", the company said.
She and the company deny the charges.
The Chinese foreign ministry said Thursday the two Canadians have now been formally arrested.
While U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross said the actions were not related to the ongoing trade dispute, Purdy seems to disagree. He also announced plans to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping at a G20 summit in Japan late next month.
Let's be clear about this - most components are made in China anyway, so any of these manufacturers could equally be in league with the Chinese government, based on the same arguments that The White House has been using over Huawei.
"The bigger concern would be [that] USA allies that used to buy Huawei's components may not continue businesses with Huawei, because of fear of possibly upsetting the United States", said Doh Hyun-woo, an analyst at NH Investment & Securities in Seoul.
"First, there must be mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit".
As negotiations towards resolving the U.S. This list is reportedly for companies that the USA government deems to be undermining US interests.
But its business has come under pressure over the past year given mounting global scrutiny, led by USA allegations that its equipment could be used by Beijing for spying, a concern the company has said is unfounded.
China believes tariffs were the genesis of the trade dispute, and that all tariffs must be eliminated in order to reach a deal.
Huawei has denied those allegations, arguing that restricting its access to America "will not make the US more secure or stronger; instead, this will only serve to limit the U.S.to inferior yet more expensive alternatives, leaving the USA lagging behind in 5G deployment, and eventually harming the interests of USA companies and consumers".