Several incidents of measles in the Bay Area, including the recent case of a San Mateo resident at Google headquarters, have many wondering if they are at risk of getting infected.
Health officials on Thursday were sounding the alarm on the sprawling outbreak of measles that has seen thousands of cases nationwide in the past year, after a flight attendant and a 10-year-old boy were believed to have suffered irreversible brain damage from the highly contagious disease, and as some 45,000 Israeli children reportedly remained unvaccinated.
Robert Murphy, MD, professor of medicine at Northwestern University previously told Health that the severity of every case of measles is different.
A flight attendant has slipped into a deep coma after contracting measles and developing one of the severe complications from the disease.
Measles spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Although deaths from measles in the US are rare, the CDC reports that about one or two in every 1,000 people who get measles will die.
A person can get measles just by being in a room where a person with measles has been, even up to two hours after that person has left. Possible side effects include fever, rash, temporary pain and stiffness in the joints, or other conditions. The fever starts about 10 days (range seven to 18 days) after exposure.
Then, two to three days after symptoms begin, tiny white spots called Koplik Spots, may appear inside the mouth. For more information about measles, visit: http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/media/measles or call 2-1-1. "The vaccine is extremely effective and extremely safe", Dr. Murphy said. I thought that disease was no longer around, but now I am hearing it has come back somewhere in foreign. However, measles is still common in many parts of the world, including some countries in Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and Africa.
Blood tests revealed that the El AL flight attendant had been vaccinated with only one shot against measles instead of the two inoculations recommended for her age group.
Measles have spread to 22 states this year, including Colorado.
Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk.
The best way to protect yourself and your family against measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases is by immunization.
A nurse prepares the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine at the Rockland County Health Department in Haverstraw, Rockland County, New York, on April 5, 2019. The first dose which gives 93% protection should be given at 12 to 15 months and the second dose which gives 97 % protection should be administered around the age of 4 to 6 years.