In 2008, Russian Federation and China put forward for the discussion at the Disarmament Conference the draft Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, the Threat or Use of Force Against Outer Space Objects.
The U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) said in an assessment on Monday that China and Russian Federation were enhancing counter-space capabilities that would challenge the U.S. military's dominance in that domain.
More than a third of all recorded debris is from two events: China's use of a missile in 2007 to destroy a defunct satellite and the accidental collision between a USA communications satellite and a defunct Russian one in 2009.
The Chinese and Russian developed military doctrines based on the idea that space is essential to modern warfare and counterspace capabilities are key to countering US and allied military advantages, the report says.
The U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency has named China and Russian Federation as threats that pose challenges to its space dominance and complicate security in space.
The agency said both Moscow and Beijing have developed space-based surveillance and reconnaissance technologies.
China's Foreign Ministry on Tuesday said the USA allegations were "groundless", as cited by Bloomberg. That didn't stop the country from launching its own space laboratory in 2011, named Tiangong ("Heavenly Palace"), which orbited Earth until last April.
The report is aimed at education; the public needs to understand all that space brings to the United States, its allies and the world at large, said a senior Defense Department official, speaking on background. These are totally groundless, ' spokeswoman Hua Chunying told a news briefing in Beijing on Tuesday.
If the USA really cares about the security of space, it should join China in arms control, Hua said. The rest is debris, including parts of spacecraft.
These capabilities provide the Chinese and Russian militaries with the ability to command and control their forces worldwide with "enhanced situational awareness, enabling them to monitor, track and target US and allied forces", the report says. It has communications satellites that provide internet and mobile services, reconnaissance satellites that enable signals intelligence and provide information on enemy force positions, as well as space-based sensors that alert the United States to missile launches, and position, navigation, and timing satellites that provide Global Positioning System to the military and to most Americans.
According to Bloomberg, more than a third of all recorded debris is from two events: China's use of a missile in 2007 to destroy a defunct satellite and the accidental collision between a U.S. communications satellite and a defunct Russian one in 2009. State, non-state and commercial actors increasingly will have access to information from space. China is planning to land its first probe on Mars by the end of 2020 with the aim of sending a manned mission in the following years.