On Monday, the Alberta government announced the Stollery Children's Hospital Foundation was donating $26 million towards a new children and adolescent mental health centre near the Glenrose Hospital, which would go along with the $200 million set aside in the 2018 provincial budget.
Peterson found that, based on the nationally representative survey and estimates, about 7.7 million US children, or about 16.5%, have at least one of those disorders.
The facility will include child and adolescent crisis services, including walk-in and urgent clinics as well as 101 inpatient beds, specialized outpatient clinics, a mobile response team, intensive school-based treatment with school programming on site, mental health programs, therapeutic recreational programs, and a family resource centre. The prevalence of childhood mental health problems ranged from a low of 7.6% in Hawaii to a high of 27.2% in Maine.
"Historically, I've studied everything from the neck down", he said. This finding however did not surprise child and adolescent psychiatrists and psychologists.
The next big issue is insurance coverage, Robles-Ramamurthy said.
Then, the survey also asked parents who reported a mental health condition: "During the past 12 months, has this child received any treatment or counselling from a mental health professional (including) psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, and clinical social workers?"
And there's a severe shortage of mental health providers who treat children and adolescents.
According to authors and experts in the field, another challenge is communicating with the education system, juvenile justice system, child welfare system and health care system that look after the interest of children and teenagers.
Instead, it's more likely that there are too few providers where they live, that their families can't afford care, or that families don't think treatment is useful or make decisions informed by the stigma surrounding mental illness, Lamparyk said. However, numerous systems are often times not talking to each other, which can lead the kids to fall through the cracks and the families to not receive the support they need.
"We have known that the number of children who have mental illness and that go untreated is very high", she added. "A lot of times kids fall through the cracks and families are not getting the appropriate support they need".
Mental health providers build on the existing trust and are able to reach families in a familiar environment, said Mautone, who leads one such program: the Healthy Minds, Healthy Kids Initiative at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.