Lawmakers make many decisions that impact the lives of Montana touched by cancer and their leadership is vital to defeating this disease.
Early cancer detection rates are also behind target, with the latest figures from July 2018 showing 25.3% of breast, colorectal and lung cancer patients were diagnosed at the earliest stage.
February 4 is commemorated as World Cancer Day and various events like festivals, walks, seminars and public information campaigns are held to raise awareness and educate people on how to fight cancer through screening and early detection, through healthy eating and physical activity, by quitting smoking, and by urging public officials to make cancer issues a priority.
In a press conference, PN MEP Francis Zammit Dimech, PN MP Stephen Spiteri and former MP and doctor Michael Asciak delivered the proposals on the occasion of World Cancer Day.
The turnout to the early detection of colon cancer, to which people aged 50-74 are invited, is only 21%, while a programme for the early detection of cervical cancer is undergoing reorganisation.
According to World Health Organization reports, Cervical Cancer is caused by sexually acquired infection, with certain types of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). While skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are more common, melanoma is responsible for the majority of deaths from skin cancer. HPV is sexually transmitted, but penetrative sex is not required for transmission; genital contact is a well-recognised mode of transmission.
Each year, more than 310,000 women die from cervical cancer, and the vast majority of deaths are in poorer countries where immunization rates against the human papillomavirus (HPV) that causes it are low.
University Teaching Hospital of Kigali offers surgery, King Faisal Hospital offers surgery and drugs, Butaro Cancer Centre offers chemotherapy, Rwanda Military Hospital offers surgery, and will soon have radiotherapy as well, and also offers chemotherapy, while University Teaching Hospital of Butare also does surgery.
Dr Uma Dangi also speaks about the Importance of PAP smear Screening, she says. However, when you know early, cancer is curable. Screening is done using a test called "Pap smear". In case there are precancerous signs found, treatment is initiated to avoid the development of cervical cancer. Education on the symptoms of cancer has also helped with early diagnosis as it is estimated that one in two of us will get cancer in our lifetime. Vaccines targeting HPV are also now available. The vaccine is most effective when administered between the ages of nine and 14.