Barcelona have handed Real Madrid a boost with their goalless draw against Athletic Club, as their lead at the top of LaLiga Santander is now just six points.
Ter Stegen turned away Markel Susaeta's arcing shot before the break and then produced a superb reflex stop to repel Inaki Williams' effort from point-blank range as time ran down on a night when the La Liga leaders were unable to restore their eight-point advantage over second-placed Real Madrid.
As a result, Barca coach Ernesto Valverde made first change in the 63rd minute as Carles Alena came on for Vidal in a straight swap in midfield.
"We were first last week and we are still first, and if my maths is right, we will be again next week", Valverde said.
Barca will however face Real Valladolid next weekend before their Champions League round of 16 tie against French League side Lyon the following Tuesday. Messi was picked but not fully recovered while Ousmane Dembele was fit enough only for the bench, having shaken off an ankle injury.
Messi came close to breaking the deadlock with a chipped effort that clipped the top of the crossbar after Athletic goalkeeper Iago Herrerin was out of his area following a save to deny Nelson Semedo a clear sight of goal.
Bilbao made the game's first change, with midfielder Mikel San Jose replacing Benat Etxebarria on 57 minutes, while the Catalans responded with their first adjustment, with Carles Alena taking the spot of Vidal.
Bilbao had a golden chance to take the lead 25 minutes from time when San Jose found space in a risky position, but the midfielder's effort just missed the post.
Dembele replaced Coutinho with just over 10 minutes left but Bilbao had the best chance to win it. Iker Muniain squared for Williams, who looked certain to score after wriggling free of Gerard Pique.
The home side finished the game with ten men after Oscar De Marcos received a second yellow card and was sent off in stoppage time, as the encounter ended goalless at San Mames.