The report estimates* that in 2019, 1,762,450 new cancer cases and 606,880 cancer deaths will occur in the U.S. Since its peak of 215.1 deaths (per 100,000 population) in 1991, the cancer death rate has dropped steadily by approximately 1.5% per year to 156.0 in 2016, an overall decline of 27%.
Cancer also remains the nation's No. 2 killer.
There's been a decline in the historic racial gap in cancer death rates, but an economic gap is growing - especially when it comes to deaths that could be prevented by early screening and treatment, better eating and less smoking. Major cancer types: Lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer The most common cancers diagnosed in men are prostate, lung, and colorectal cancers. The overall 27% drop in mortality rate translates into 2.6 million fewer deaths from cancer between the years 1991 and 2016.
The report also points to the role of socioeconomic inequality in cancer outcomes, in particular, for preventable cancers. But the cancer death rate has actually been dropping almost 2 percent a year, from 215 deaths per 100,000 in 1991 to 156 per 100,000 in 2016.
The study also found while racial gaps in cancer mortality are shrinking, gaps based on wealth are getting bigger as residents in poorer US counties bear a greater burden of cancer deaths. The report also indicated that the racial gap in U.S. cancer mortality is narrowing-with the disparity in cancer deaths between black and white individuals declining from a peak of 33% in 1993 to 14% in 2016-but socioeconomic disparities are widening. Moreover, the study only looked at a subset of cases. But cancer is the leading cause of death in many states and among Hispanics, Asian Americans and people under 80 years of age.
The study had some limitations, including that the projections should be interpreted with caution because they were based on data from three to four years ago.
Ortner tells KLIN News that it's not all good news.
The study authors also said that cases of melanoma have been increasing, as well as cases of liver, thyroid, uterine and pancreatic cancer.
"Poverty has been a relentless obstacle to receiving cancer care because of lack of, or low insurance coverage". Among men, the prostate cancer-related death rate decreased 51% from 1993 to 2016.
Meanwhile, some cancers that have been linked to obesity, including liver and pancreatic, showed signs of an increase. However, smoking patterns do not appear to explain the higher lung cancer rates being reported in women compared with men born around the 1960s. "So it's a multi-factorial issue that we view as a real critical issue in the cancer world right now".