Keiichi Wada also added that this new finding regarding the shape of black holes will rewrite the astronomy books forever.
After examining one particular supermassive black hole situated at about 14 million light years away from us, at the center of the so-called Circinus Galaxy, the researchers observed that the gas surrounding the event horizon resembles a 3D fountain spewing the matter.
Black holes are parts of spacetime, and they are displaying such massive gravitational pull that nothing, not even light, can escape them. The conclusions of this new research challenge the scientifically-accepted belief that a black hole is shaped like a donut.
Simulations and scientific experiments from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimetre Array (ALMA) suggest the "donut" is actually a more dynamic structure made of three gaseous entities that keep circulating constantly.
Simulations based on reworked assumptions point to new pictureAdvanced space simulations have revealed that the gas surrounding a supermassive black hole spews out from above and below like a three-dimensional fountain.
There's no doubt that black holes are the most puzzling space object in the entire Universe.
AFP MARTIN BERNETTI
They found that the black hole donut is not actually a rigid structure, but a complex collection of highly dynamic gaseous components.
It has until now been assumed that gas surrounding black holes was donut-shaped. They also used the supercomputer Cray XC30 ATERUI operated by NAOJ to simulate gas falling toward a black hole.
The results now suggest it is more of a three-step process.
According to the scientists, black holes do not actually resemble donuts, as it was previously believed, but rather look like enormous 3D fountains spewing out the gas that surrounds them.
As it falls it heats until the molecules break up into their constituent atoms and ions which are then expelled above and below the disc. The distributions of CO molecular gas and C atomic gas are shown in orange and cyan, respectively.
"Through comparisons with our model predictions based on the radiation-driven fountain scheme, we indicate that atomic outflows are the driver of the geometrical thickness of the atomic disk", Izumi and colleagues wrote in their study, which was published in The Astrophysical Journal on October 30.