Upon receiving confirmation, he said: "This will be devastating news not just for those who work at the Michelin plant, but their families and the whole of the city of Dundee".
The factory, which opened in 1971 and exclusively manufactures 16-inch and smaller tyres for cars, now employs 845 people.
"In addition to enhanced redundancy packages and early retirement measures for employees at the end of their career, Michelin will propose a comprehensive plan to assist the employees concerned to start a new career as quickly as possible".
The trade union representing numerous Dundee workers said it had not given up the fight to keep the factory open.
"This plan will include intensive support to find a new job, relocation assistance, and tailor-made programmes including skills retraining".
"Michelin Development, the group's entity dedicated to local economic development in the areas in which Michelin has operations, will also be working with local stakeholders to help create 845 new jobs". The factory produces consumer tires - 16 inches and smaller - and the company says the market's accelerated adoption of larger tires has made the plant unsustainable.
Unite Scottish Secretary Pat Rafferty has said closure of the plant would be a "hammer-blow" for Dundee.
The tyre manufacturer said in a statement that the claims the plant in Baldovie Road is "unsuitable and its conversion is not financially viable" and will close it by mid-2020.
"This will be hammer-blow for Dundee".
In September it warned that jobs could be lost at the plant in the face of "extremely challenging trading conditions" but it did not raise the prospect of its closure.
He added: "The workforce can be assured Unite will fight tooth and nail to save our factory, we will leave no stone unturned to keep this factory open".
"Unite will work day and night to ensure that all options remain on the table".
Michelin did not refer to Brexit in its announcement.
A United Kingdom government spokeswoman said: "This is a hugely hard time for the Michelin workers and their families".
"If the answer to that is yes, then it's about looking at what would that take, where would it come from, is there something within the Tay Cities Deal?".
"I will be in Dundee on Tuesday and hope to meet with representatives of the workforce, the city council and the management team to discuss whether there are viable options for the future of this site".
Ms Robison said they should also explore whether anything could be done in relation to the Tay Cities Deal, through which £350 million of investment has been announced by both the Scottish and UK Governments.