On Thursday, MEA headed by Sushma Swaraj had confirmed the participation and said, "Our participation at the meeting will be at the non-official level".
A State Department spokesperson confirmed on Wednesday that in coordination with the Afghan government, the US embassy in Moscow "will send a representative to the working level to observe the discussions". After the talks, in a joint statement, the two sides declared their support to the Afghan government's efforts towards the realisation of an Afghan-led, and Afghan-owned national peace reconciliation process.
"The meeting is taking place today (Friday)".
At a media briefing in Washington on Wednesday, US State Department Deputy spokesperson Robert Palladino said that his country "believes that all countries should support direct dialogue between the government of Afghanistan and the Taliban to reach an end to the war".
The Taliban has refused direct talks with the Afghan government, which it views as a USA puppet, saying it will only negotiate the end of the 17-year war directly with Washington.
On Tuesday, the Taliban also confirmed it would send a delegation to the meeting.
Although the United States had initially declined to attend, reportedly citing "the absence of significant results of the first meeting in Moscow regarding the Afghan peace process", Voice of America (VOA) quotes the Trump administration as saying they will travel to Moscow for the conference.
"This conference is not about holding negotiations with any party whatsoever; rather it is about finding a peaceful solution to the issue of Afghanistan".
The Taliban has long refused to engage in negotiations with Kabul directly, arguing that it is a puppet government.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, second left, speaks as he attends a conference on Afghanistan bringing together representatives of the Afghan authorities and the Taliban in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Nov. 9, 2018. "However, only a group of people were invited and that reflects the intention of Taliban who are not yet willing to negotiate peace with the government".
Zakharova revealed that the Taliban's five-member delegation would come from its Qatar-based "political office".
Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid told AFP that the group was sending five representatives.
Moscow has sought a greater role in worldwide diplomacy in recent years, with efforts at settling conflicts that often give a junior role to the US. The U.S., which has accused Russian Federation of arming the Taliban, has poured more troops into Afghanistan and waged a series of air strikes as it seeks to regain the military edge.