Chinese representatives have responded by affirming that accusations of rights abuses from a few countries were "politically driven" and "not factual".
Marise Payne said she will register "serious concerns" over the huge facilities in Xinjiang, where activists say hundreds of thousands of Uighurs and other mainly-Muslim minorities are detained in political re-education camps.
Supporters of China's Muslim Uighur minority are demonstrating in Geneva as the U.N.'s top human rights body examines the country's rights record in a regular review.
As many as one million Uighurs and other Muslim minorities are being kept in extra-judicial detention in the region, according to an estimate recently cited by an independent United Nations panel, and repeated during Tuesday's debate.
They have said members of China's Muslim minorities are held involuntarily for transgressions such as wearing long beards and face veils.
Furthermore, on 5 November 2018, the UNPO, along with other organizations like HRW and WUC has released a joint press statement that highlighted the removal of key stakeholder information by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) for consideration by the UN member states for the upcoming third Cycle Universal Periodical Review (UPR) of the People's Republic of China.
One question by the USA - which is leading demands for Beijing to come clean on the crackdown - says: "Can China clarify the basis for its apparent criminalisation of peaceful religious practices as justification to detain people in these political "re-education" camps in Xinjiang, as well as which officials are responsible for this policy?"
The ruling Communist Party has used the excuse of potential Islamic threats, "extremism" and ethnic riots to crack down on the local population in Xinjiang.
Washington asks what is "the number of people detained against their will, in all detention facilities in Xinjiang in the past five years".
"The Chinese government owes some answers to worldwide questions about Xinjiang", Maya Wang, senior researcher at Human Rights Watch, told AFP.
The UN human rights review is a chance for countries to "focus their firepower on Xinjiang", though its effectiveness will depend on "whether or not there is commitment from the states to push for accountability", she added.
Le, also head of the Chinese delegation, said during an interview with Xinhua that among the 150 countries that spoke during the review, more than 120 countries expressed their support for and appreciation of China's human rights progresses. Officials in Xinjiang, Tibet, Hong Kong and Macao will also be present.
Meanwhile, Australia's foreign minister who is scheduled to visit Beijing said on Monday that concerns over internment camps in China's far west will be raised in bilateral talks.
In addition to Xinjiang, China is expected to come under scrutiny for other aspects of its human rights record, especially Chinese President Xi Jinping's (習近平) crackdown on civil liberties and religious freedoms.
In 2015, more than 200 Chinese human rights lawyers and activists were detained or questioned in a sweep known as the "709" crackdown.
The official told Xinhua that the promotion and protection of human rights is a dynamic historical process, and different cultural traditions, historical inheritance and basic national conditions have determined that countries must follow the path of human rights development that suits their own characteristics and set priorities in human rights development at different stages.