The order will direct the intelligence community to assess if any foreign individual, entity or country has interfered in a US election, Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats told reporters at a conference call held at Wednesday noon.
The harshest sanctions outlined in the order would be up to the president's discretion.
US National Security Adviser John Bolton speaks at a Federalist Society luncheon at the Mayflower Hotel, Monday, Sept. 10, 2018, in Washington.
The order instructs the intelligence community to monitor and report on attempts to disrupt election infrastructure as well as propaganda.
Mr. Coats said intelligence agencies were working around the clock to protect the midterm elections. "The President has said repeatedly he is determined there not be foreign interference (in U.S. elections)". "So I think this order is a further demonstration of that", he added.
There have been ongoing concerns about attacks or disinformation campaigns, fueled in part by Trump's own attacks against the ongoing special counsel investigation into Russia's activities and into possible collusion with Trump's own campaign staff.
The executive action came less than two months before the November 6 midterm elections, and two years after US authorities say Russian Federation meddled in the presidential race won by Trump.
Trump has also said he accepts the strong consensus view of USA intelligence agencies that Russian Federation did interfere, including through propaganda and falsehoods spread on social media. The White House hopes the order will help dispel the notion that Trump has allowed election meddling to go unchallenged.
Bolton said Wednesday that the White House is open to ideas and proposals from lawmakers, but said new legislation might be slow in coming. "There were concerns that if they did so, it would look they, the White House, was putting the thumb on the scale of the election and would feed Trump's narrative that the election was going to be rigged". "The integrity of our elections and our constitutional process are a high priority to him".
Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., and Sen. The State Department and Treasury could decide to take additional measures. "We want to ensure the American public that elections have not been manipulated, their vote has not been changed".
"Unfortunately, President Trump demonstrated in Helsinki and elsewhere that he simply can not be counted upon to stand up to Putin when it matters", Warner said.
The new executive order gives US intelligence agencies 45 days after an election to report any efforts to meddle with the outcome.
"We have seen signs of not just Russian Federation, but from China, and capabilities potentially from Iran, and even North Korea", attempting to interfere so far this year, he said. However, in a conference call, Dan Coats, Director of National Intelligence identified Russia, China, Iran, and North Korea having capabilities to do so.
'This clearly is a process put in place to try to assure that we are doing every possible thing we can to first of all prevent any interference in our election, ' said Coats. "They are committed to undermining our system", Clapper said.
The sanctions would block U.S. financial activities by those implicated in the election interference and those individuals would be prohibited from entering this country. The 45-day period is based on when interference is believed to have happened and not specifically tied to Election Day.