The tragedy caused an worldwide outcry and deepened tensions between Moscow and the West following Russia's seizure of Crimea and support for the militants in their fight against Kyiv's forces after pro-European protests pushed Moscow-friendly Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych from power.
According to the documents, which Parshin said had been declassified ahead of the press conference, the missile was manufactured at a military plant in Dolgoprudny, near Moscow, in 1986 and shipped to Ukraine on December 29 of that same year.
Lt. Gen. Nikolai Parshin, chief of the Missile and Artillery Directorate at the Russian Defense Ministry, told reporters on Monday that the military had studied archives at the research center that produced the Buk missiles.
The ministry of defence also dismissed as fabricated videos that a Dutch-led global investigation used as evidence that the missile system had been transported from Russian Federation to the rebel-held region of Donetsk, in eastern Ukraine.
The video footage used by the JIT as evidence of the involvement of the Russian Buk missile system in the downing of the Malaysian flight was falsified, Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said at the briefing.
Although the Russian military admitted they lack evidence to disprove the possibility of the missile being captured by rebels from the Ukrainian army, they also noted Ukrainian officials have publicly denied such an incident.
The Dutch-led Joint Investigative Team (JIT) also found that the Buk missile came from Russia's 53rd Antiaircraft Missile Brigade and was sacked from territory held by the Russia-backed separatists.
The Joint Investigation Team, set up by nations that lost citizens in the MH17 crash, said in a statement that it has "taken note" of the new claims from the Russian military.
In May, prosecutors investigating the downing of MH17 over eastern Ukraine in 2014 said they had identified the missile used to shoot down the plane as coming from Russia's armed forces.
The separatists in the weeks prior to the plane crash bragged on social media about shooting down Ukrainian military aircraft.
He did not speculate, however, on a possible role of the Russian military in the attack.
Oleksandr Turchynov, secretary of Ukraine's Security and Defence Council, said on Monday that Russia's claim is "yet another failed fake report that the Kremlin made up in order to cover up their crime that has been proven by the official investigation as well as independent experts".
The Foreign Ministry's comment was issued after Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a decree on Monday, which terminated the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation, and Partnership between Ukraine and Russian Federation.