But the current images from the Earth - clearer.
The same turbulence in the atmosphere that causes stars to twinkle to the naked eye results in blurred images of the Universe for large telescopes.
In addition to planets and their satellites in the Solar system, astronomers plan to further study other cosmic objects.
Cassini, for example, had to travel to Saturn, where the spacecraft collected spectral data of that planet, its rings, and moons from a much closer range. This information was, in turn, converted into high-resolution images.
There's a good reason scientists are excited about the VLT's new skills.
The MUSE Wide Field Mode coupled to GALACSI in ground-layer mode corrects for the effects of atmospheric turbulence up to one kilometre above the telescope over a comparatively wide field of view. Here's an idea of what the planet looks like through the telescope with and without adaptive optics. It does this by interfacing with the VLT's multi-unit spectroscopic explorer (MUSE), which has in the past been able to eliminate atmospheric disturbances within about a kilometer of the telescope. With the addition of GALACSI, however, the telescope can now correct for almost all the disturbances around unit 4 of the VLT. Then, the blur on the laser is used to inform the computer-controlled mirror, which corrects for the atmosphere effects.
The Very Large Telescope, an installation located in Cerro Paranal, Chile, by the European Southern Observatory project, has recently been upgraded with so-called "adaptive optics" technology that allows for a much sharper image capture than previously possible without breaking through the atmosphere.
"But the new Narrow Field Mode using laser tomography corrects for nearly all of the atmospheric turbulence above the telescope to create much sharper images, but over a smaller region of the sky". Therefore, it is known as Near Field Mode.
The Neptune image on the right is without the adaptive optics system in operation and the one on the left after the adaptive optics are switched on. Here's a comparison between the VLT and the Hubble, which has captured an exceptional image of Neptune, but it's undeniably not as clear. It is manifested by pointing 4 intensely bright lasers, each of which are beamed out of 30-centimeter apertures, into the sky around unit 4 of the VLT. To top things off the new Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) will utilize this capability when it comes online. Asia Pacific adaptive optics market is identified as the fastest growing market, due to expanding astronomical practices and increasing investment for research and development across various sectors, including biomedical and healthcare.