Californians will vote in November to decide if they want to split into three states.
The initiative, often referred to as "Cal-3", was sponsored by billionaire venture capitalist Tim Draper.
California Secretary of State Alex Padilla will certify the initiative as qualified for the November 6th ballot on June 28.
Meanwhile, Northern California, which would be the richest of the three with a per capita income of around $63,000, would include the Bay Area and the 31 remaining counties north of Sacramento, the current state capital.
Southern California- This would include 12 counties: San Diego, San Bernardino, Orange, Riverside, Mono, Madera, Inyo, Tulare, Fresno, Kings, Kern and Imperial counties.
The initiative depends on Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution, where the document sets the conditions under which a state can split itself up. If passed, the measure would still need congressional approval to move forward.
The plan for partitioning California would be parallel to other states that have been partitioned, including the Dakotas, the Carolinas, and the Virginias. It received more than 402,468 valid signatures, more than the amount required by state law, thanks to an ambitious campaign, called Cal 3, and financial backing from the early investor in Tesla, Skype, and Hotmail. With its 55 electors in the Electoral College, California has always been a stronghold for the Democratic Party. It would divide the population of the state roughly into even parts.
California's 168-year run of being a single-state could come to an end this November. His first proposal, in 2014 suggested the state breaking into six, not three, but this was rejected.
In California, the reasons for such an ongoing inner conflict stem most obviously from the state's geographic and demographic diversity and the unique identities of different regions. Joe Rodota, a political consultant and founder of intelligence services company Forward Observer, described the ballot to CBS as "a waste of time", and one that makes some issues unnecessarily complicated.
You might have heard the buzz around CalExit - efforts to have California secede from the nation. Supporters say the three state proposal would benefit infrastructure, education, and lower taxes.