The proposed law, formulated by the ultranationalist Yisrael Beitenu party in Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's governing coalition, would make filming or publishing footage "with intent to harm the morale of Israel's soldiers or its inhabitants" punishable by up to five years in prison.
The term would be raised to 10 years if the intention was to damage "national security". According to the Health Ministry in Gaza one strike on Saturday wounded two Palestinians.
A controversial bill that criminalizes filming IDF soldiers has been advanced by an Israeli government committee.
The current wording of the bill stops short of a blanket ban but rather calls for stopping so-called "anti-Israeli and pro-Palestinian organizations" that spend "entire days near Israeli soldiers waiting breathlessly for actions that can be documented in a slanted and one-sided way so that soldiers can be smeared". "Such documentation generally interferes with ongoing and operational IDF duties, sometimes accompanied by hurling accusations and insults in their faces", the notes continue.
It came after people living near the Gaza border are "losing patience" with the influx of "firebomb" kites and balloons being flown over.
The IDF similarly criticized the distribution of the film while defending the conduct of the soldier, saying that "the unauthorized photographing of an operational event, the distribution of the photographed material, and the statements made there.do not suit the spirit and the degree of restraint expected of IDF soldiers".
Activists, such as the B'Tselem rights group, also regularly publish footage of IDF soldiers engaged in operational activities, and maintain that such footage is crucial to holding the military accountable.
A video filmed by Israeli rights group B'Tselem in 2016 showing an Israeli soldier shooting dead an incapacitated Palestinian assailant drew worldwide condemnation and led to the soldier's conviction for manslaughter in a highly divisive trial. "This is a fact of life that no idiotic proposed bill will change", the group said, according to the Israeli Haaretz newspaper. "In Israel, as elsewhere in the world, video footage of police and military activity has become an important tool for human rights groups and the media", the fund's CEO, Daniel Sokatch, told the Israeli media. "Tyrants restrict the rights of people to record what happens around them; democracies do not", he added.