The Swedish government has given out an emergency pamphlet to prepare millions of citizens for a war, natural disaster or cyber attack amid soaring tensions between Russian Federation and the West.
For the first time in half a century, Sweden's government has sent its 4.8 million households a public information leaflet detailing what to do in the event of war, with advice on the threat from cyberattacks, terrorists, and fake news.
As a highly developed social democracy now ranked among the world's most peaceful nations in the Global Peace Index, Sweden may seem like an unlikely battleground.
The sight of an unidentified submarine in the Stockholm archipelago in the autumn of 2014 heightened Russian worries and was followed by several violations of Swedish airspace by Russian aircraft.
The pamphlet is prompted partly by the "security situation in our neighborhood", meaning the Baltic area, a Civil Contingencies Agency spokesman told CNN in January 2018.
The guide provides a checklist of foodstuffs and goods it's useful to have at home just in case, ranging from basic vegetables to long-lasting oat or soy milk, tinned protein like sardines or boiled meat, and items for providing warmth, access to communications, and for storing water. Families are advised to allow at least three litres of water per person. Concerns over state-sponsored cyber attacks continue to grow, particularly as more critical infrastructure systems are connected to the internet, making them potentially vulnerable to different types of threat.
In the event that central heating ceases to function, Swedes should take swift preparations to protect themselves from the cold. Fire should be used sparingly in a closed room so as not to consume too much oxygen.
"Everyone who lives in Sweden shares a collective responsibility for our country's security and safety", the booklet says. "When we are under threat, our willingness to help each other is one of our most important assets".
"If Sweden is attacked by another country, we will never give up", the new booklet says, according to Sky News.
The brochure also gives people information about their civil duties, including conscription into the armed forces for those of age and civilian national service requirements during times of war for anybody between the ages of 16 and 70.
Sweden originally published and distributed the "If War Comes" booklet during the World War II and will now issue an updated version during the country's Emergency Preparedness Week from May 28 to June 3.