An global team of researchers found that in 2015 the use of tobacco and alcohol was the cause of more diseases and disability and premature death than the use of other substances causing addiction.
It turned out that the DALYs, taking into account the life years adjusted for disability (lost due to disability or premature death), for smokers is 170,9 million, and for drinking alcohol - 85 million. In the same regions there is a high level of use of tobacco products.
This photo provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare shows a pictorial warning for tobacco packs on tooth discoloration, one of the side effects of smoking.
It's smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol - and not taking illegal drugs - that pose the greatest risks to people's health, a new worldwide study contends. Fewer than one in twenty people were estimated to use cannabis in the past year, and much lower estimates were observed for amphetamines, opioids and cocaine.
But the United States and Canada had among the highest rates of dependence on marijuana (749 cases per 100,000 people), opioids (650 cases per 100,000) and cocaine (301 cases per 100,000), according to study co-author Robert West, of University College London, and colleagues.
In contrast, use of illicit drugs was far less common. And they are more likely to die from a smoking-related illness than from a behavioral health condition, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
Analyzing 2016 data, the researchers found that only 49 percent of mental health treatment facilities were smoke-free.