Officials in Kansas said on Tuesday, March 13, that three children at a child care facility have tested positive for measles.
The Johnson County Department of Health and Environment said the three children who have contracted measles in Kansas are all under one year old and have not yet been vaccinated. Those at risk for the disease have been contacted and the investigation is ongoing.
The children with measles were treated for symptoms and are not in danger, the department said.
This undated image made available by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on February 4, 2015 shows an electron microscope image of a measles virus particle, center. Measles is considered one of the most infectious diseases known.
Since the creation of the MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine, measles cases are rare in the United States; however, it still sickens millions and kills 146,000 people worldwide each year.
"Vaccination is the best way to prevent measles in children and adults", Health Director Lougene Marsh said, advising that children have the vaccine when they are 12 to 15 months old, and again before they enter kindergarten.
Measles is spread through the air by breathing, coughing, or sneezing.
Marsh advised that if a child has a fever, they should be kept home except to see a healthcare provider. Symptoms include fever, blotchy skin rash, cough, runny nose, red watery eyes and aches.
"Travelers with measles continue to bring the disease into the U.S. Measles can spread when it reaches a community in the U.S. where groups of people are unvaccinated". "If you need to visit your healthcare provider, call ahead so appropriate measures can be taken to protect other patients and staff".