Scientists recently revealed that the Sun is anticipated to cool down by the mid-century, and will be emitting less radiation, during the period which is dubbed as the grand minimum.
During the grand minimum, the sun is likely to be 7% cooler than the lowest point of its 11-year cycle, according to the scientists.
One of these periods back in the 17th century, called the "Maunder Minimum", caused the Thames river in England to freeze over, and much of the Baltic Sea to be covered in ice. During the same period, another awesome incident gained popularity about the freezing of the Baltic Sea due to cold, to such an extent that the Swedish army did manage to invade Denmark in 1658 by marching across the frozen surface of the sea.
Specifically, the sun may become much dimmer than is usually experienced during a solar minimum.
Physicist Dan Lubin, who lead the study, analyzed the Maunder Minimum and determined we may experience even worse conditions than those that occurred during the mid-17th century.
The scientists predict a "significant probability" of a near-future grand minimum because the downward sunspot pattern in recent solar cycles resembles the run-ups to past grand minimum events, the study notes. His team's study, "Ultraviolet Flux Decrease Under a Grand Minimum from IUE Short-wavelength Observation of Solar Analogs", appears in the publication Astrophysical Journal Letters and was funded by the state of California. "We can therefore have a better idea of how changes in solar UV radiation affect climate change".
The reduced energy from the Sun sets into motion a sequence of events on Earth beginning with a thinning of the stratospheric ozone layer.
'That thinning in turn changes the temperature structure of the stratosphere, which then changes the dynamics of the lower atmosphere, especially wind and weather patterns, ' the study notes.
Lubin and colleagues David Tytler and Carl Melis of UC San Diego's Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences arrived at their estimate of a grand minimum's intensity by reviewing almost 20 years of data gathered by the International Ultraviolet Explorer satellite mission. The solar cycle involves, among other things, increase and decrease in sunspots. But the cooling was not uniform.
Again, the scientists refer to the Maunder Minimum, during which areas of Europe chilled significantly, but other areas such as Alaska and southern Greenland warmed.
However, Lubin and his colleagues believe otherwise and say that it is not a solution for global warming, it will only help in slowing it down.
Some may be wondering whether the ultra-cooling of the sun would potentially stop the effects of global warming.
Scientists assume that grand minimum will begin around 2020 and last through 2070.
A study that was conducted the a year ago found out that there is a 90 percent increase in the odds that the global temperatures could increase from 2 degrees to 4.9 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.