Explaining Tree Cover and Forest Cover, he said that while Tree Cover can be a coffee and pepper estate where there are a lot of trees inside the plantations, the Forest Cover is the jungles and the National Parks and hill ranges that encircle Kodagu.
Senior FSI officials have attributed the increase in the forest cover in several states to successful agro-forestry practices, transformation of scrub areas to forest areas, increase in mangrove cover and conservation and protection activities.
The report that tabulates tree cover every two years using satellite imagery says that green cover in Karnataka has increased to 37,550 square kilometres up from 36,421 square kilometres in the 2015 report.
Panaji: Increase in mangrove cover continues to be the main factor in maintaining the 5% growth in the state's forest cover, as per the latest biennial assessment by forest survey of India (FSI).
The NE also contributes heavily to India's carbon sequestration with very high per hectare carbon stock and soil organic carbon.
A growing forest captures carbon from the atmosphere and a mature forest is a store house of carbon -reason why it is always desirable not to destroy old forests.
India's forest and tree cover has increased by 8,021 sqkm to 8,02,088 sqkm, up by 1 per cent since 2015.
The ISFR 2017 shows that about 40% of the country's forest cover is present in nine large contiguous patches of the size of 10,000 sq km or more. It reported that Arunachal Pradesh has maximum carbon stock followed by Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.
Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change, released the Indian State of Report Forest (ISFR) 2017 prepared by Survey of India at Delhi on Monday. There is an increase of 19 million tonnes in the bamboo-growing stock as compared to the last assessment done in 2011. It also shows the total mangrove cover stands at 4,921 sq km and has shown an increase of 181 sq km. The total annual potential production of timer from trees outside forest has been estimated at 74.51 million cum. Maharashtra added the maximum mangrove cover, 82 sq.km, since 2015, and the report attributed this rise to plantations and regeneration. It will also serve as a useful source of information for the policy makers, planners, State Forest Departments, line agencies involved in various developmental works, academicians, civil society and others interested in natural resource conservation and management. The key districts of Western Ghats Shivamogga and Kodagu have lost 189 square kilometres of forest area, says the report.
"We wish that in future, extent and change in forest cover vis-e-vis major river basins in the country should be assessed and reported since forest cover is a key parameter to assess the health of our rivers", said river and water expert, Manoj Misra, of the Yamuna Jiye Abhiyaan.