Jobs in Dundee are most at risk from the rise of robot labour, with Edinburgh and Aberdeen better placed to adapt to the changes ahead, it said.
This is according to Cities Outlook 2018, the think tank Centre for Cities' annual health-check on the performance of United Kingdom city economies, which has been published today.
It said struggling cities in the North of England and Midlands were more exposed to job losses than wealthier cities in the South, compounding the north-south divide.
1 in 5 existing jobs in British cities are likely to be displaced by 2030 as a result of automation and globalisation - amounting to 3.6m jobs in total - with retail occupations, customer service roles and warehouse jobs among those most at threat.
Of the total 230,000 Scottish jobs at risk, this includes 112,700 jobs in Glasgow, 60,800 in Edinburgh, 35,900 in Aberdeen, and 20,000 in Dundee.
"But there is a risk that many people and places will lose out".
That divergence is partly down to the make-up of the workforce of different cities.
Up to one in 10 jobs are in occupations predicted to grow, while new industries would bring positions which do not now exist, it was predicted.
Edinburgh and Aberdeen are both set to see an upswing in high-skilled jobs as a result of automation and globalisation.
In Northern and Midlands cities the new jobs would largely be in low-skilled occupations. For example, 21% of the jobs predicted to grow in the city region are in high skilled private sector jobs, but 29% are in low skilled private sector occupations. In Glasgow, the number of low-skilled jobs set to grow (27 per cent) is also higher than the number of high-skilled jobs (25 per cent).
Automation and globalisation will boost jobs in British cities over the coming decades, but certain parts of the East midlands are set to lose almost a third of their jobs to automation, according to a report published recently. "The time to act is now - national and local leaders need to ensure that people in Greater Manchester can share in the benefits these changes could offer".
That means reforming the education system to give young people the cognitive and interpersonal skills they need to thrive in the future, and improving school standards.
"In an ever more divided country, it's increasingly clear that a one-size- fits-all approach from central government is inadequate to address the myriad issues that different places face".
"The Government needs to give cities more powers and resources to tackle the issues that automation and globalisation will present, and to make the most of the benefits they will bring".