As of now, scientists have confirmed the presence of only one planet in the star system but researchers have been studying just in case to find evidence of more planets.
The project is too new to even have a formal name for itself, and nearly all the technology needed for five of the six steps Freeman broke it up into doesn't even exist yet, but the mission is still over 50 years away, meaning there is a lot of time for advances to take place.
At the recently concluded Fall 2017 meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in New Orleans, scientists from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) presented a paper that spoke about a prospective mission to our nearest stellar neighbor, Proxima Centauri. The Alpha Centauri A, B along with the Proxima Centauri forms the system.
The mission is as yet unnamed and the technology required to get a craft there does not exist yet, but the projected launch date would coincide with the 100th anniversary of the first moon landing.
The ambitious mission would need a craft that would need to travel at a minimum of 10 percent of the speed of light. If Nasa or any space agency can achieve the 10% of the speed of the light target, it is possible to reach Alpha Centauri in just 44 years, notes the report.
The scientists have been working on a tentative plan to reach the Alpha Centauri which is the closest neighboring star system which houses three stars in its periphery.
The fastest spacecraft ever built, the Helios probes, can reach 250,000kmph (the speed of light is 1079252848.8kmph) and at that speed, it will take 18,000 years to get to Alpha Centauri. If you scale out the distance of the star system from Earth, it is more than 40 trillion kilometers away. Other ways under consideration involve harnessing nuclear reactions, or by collisions between antimatter and matter. Though, it has not been considered an ideal location for discovering alien life, as the star throws outbursts of radiation that make the situations inhospitable. The first human-made spaceship to leave the solar system - the Voyager 1 - is currently hurtling towards the unknown at speeds of over 38,000mph and has been continually flying for 37 years now. The probe will look for artificial structures, sources of lights going on and off, as well as any land modification that could have been carried out by intelligent life.