"We hope that the results of this research will further pull the alarm as to the many consequences on the nature of the use of excessive artificial light at night", noted Scott Feierabend, executive director of the worldwide Association of black nights " global Dark-Sky Association ".
Light pollution has been known to have adverse effects on all living creatures.
"We'll light something that we didn't light before, like a bicycle path though a park or a section of highway leading outside of town that in the past wasn't lit", he said.
However, researchers pointed out that the light pollution problem is actually worse than that.
"Instead, it appears that the use of artificial lighting is expanding rapidly, regardless of the lighting technologies used, in ways that undoubtedly increase energy demand", Hodges added. It used data from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Day-Night Band instrument, mounted on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Suomi-NPP satellite, which has been in orbit since 2011.
"With few exceptions, growth in lighting occurred throughout South America, Africa, and Asia", said the report.
Some of the world's brightest areas, including Italy, Netherlands, Spain and the United States, were all relatively stable.
The new research was based on data gathered over a period of four years, between 2012 and 2016. Of course, these numbers go up and up in developed metropolises, while in war-torn zones like Yemen and Syria actually show a plunge in illuminated communities.
Study co-author Franz Holker, of the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries in Berlin, said: "Many people are using light at night without really thinking about the cost".
He and his colleagues had expected to see a decrease in brightness in wealthy cities and industrial areas as they switched from the orange glow of sodium lights to more energy-efficient LEDs; the light sensor on the satellite is not able to measure the bluer part of the spectrum of light that LEDs emit.
Researchers also warned the data was likely an underestimate, because the satellite is unable to pick up the blue wavelengths that are prominent in many LED lights.
But unfortunately, the judge does it, the brightness artificial will continue to increase at night in the world, with negative consequences on the environment and health.
The researchers behind the study suggest this increase in artificial lighting is due to a "rebound effect" - increased use of light in response to the lower cost of using it.
Excess nighttime light not only harms natural habitats and makes stargazing impossible, it also costs almost seven billion dollars annually in "negative impacts on wildlife, health, astronomy, and wasted energy", according to a 2010 study in the journal Ecological Economics.
A team published the findings in the journal Science Advances.
Longcore, who was not involved in the study, described the 2.2 percent annual growth rate as "unsustainable".
Australia's lit area decreased due to wildfires.
"In addition to threatening 30 percent of vertebrates that are nocturnal and over 60 percent of invertebrates that are nocturnal, artificial light also affects plants and microorganisms", Holker said.
It also makes it harder for people to sleep by upsetting their body clocks.
"For light, it's just a case of directing it where we need it and not wasting it where we don't".