Around 250 works, including Claude Monet's Waterloo Bridge and Auguste Rodin's marble sculpture Crouching Woman will be shown at the Bundeskunsthalle, as part of an exhibition called Dossier Gurlitt: Nazi Art Theft and its Consequences.
The collection was discovered in 2012, after German authorities searched Gurlitt's apartment in Munich. A parallel show in the Swiss capital Bern features some 200 works from the collector's trove, mostly from artists who were defamed by the Nazis as "degenerate". These include 20 works by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, woodcut prints by Emil Nolde, horses painted by Franz Marc, and colorful female portraits by Otto Dix, among others.
German art dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt built up the collection after being enlisted by the Nazis to sell modern art they had seized from German museums and collectors and labelled "degenerate".
Gurlitt bequeathed the 1,500 works to Switzerland's Kunstmuseum Bern, which inherited them after his death in May 2014.
Dozens of famous works of art stolen by the Nazis will be on display for the very first time on Friday at the national art museum in Bonn. A German government-backed foundation is working with it to ensure that any pieces looted from Jewish owners are returned to their heirs.
A separate exhibition of works from the collection will open in Germany.
Experts initially identified more than 90 works that were likely looted by the Nazis, including pictures by Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Matisse, Edvard Munch and Rembrandt.
The Bern exhibition runs until March 4, 2018.