The newest Top500 survey, which ranks the most powerful supercomputers, includes 202 systems in China.
In the past six months, US has led the TOP500 list with 169 supercomputers compared to China's 160. The rankings also point to the U.S. having the lowest number of listed systems it has ever had, since the list was first compiled 25 years ago.
The Sunway TaihuLight, an HPC system developed by China's National Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering & Technology (NRCPC), retains its number one ranking with a performance of 93 petaflops.
What's interesting, the report noted, is that these rankings weren't the case a mere six months ago. Considering that the Asian country has been accounting for almost 20 percent of the department's expenditures, it should be no surprise that Japan finished in third place at 35 supercomputers, Germany with 20, France with 18, and the United Kingdom with 15.
The People's Daily, China's government-controlled media outlet, reports that China has become the world's leading producer of supercomputers.
"For the second time in a row there is no system from the US under the TOP3", Top500 said in a statement. Japan also has two additional systems within the top ten. The US had 29.6%.
Overall, Hewlett Packard Enterprise has installed the most systems on the Top 500 List, with 122 supercomputers and HPC systems attached to the company.
The No. 3 is Switzerland's Piz Daint, which is also the most powerful supercomputer in Europe.
The US rounded out the top five with Titan, a Cray XK7 system that is capable of 17.59 petaflops. Two of the fastest machines on the list - the Sunway TaihuLight and Tianhe-2 (Milkyway-2) - are in China.
Supercomputers have a much higher processing capacity compared to a general-use computer, and a much higher speed of calculation.
China surpassed the U.S. in the Top500 list for the first time in 2016.
China leads the U.S. in total number of ranked supercomputers in the TOP500 list, released on Monday. Its editors also pointed out that the United States has started to lag behind.
Despite the switching roles, the USA and China remain the dominant forces in supercomputing worldwide.