Thirdly, Aung San Suu Kyi must support reforms so that the historic discrimination and persecution of the Rohingya in Myanmar is ended. These attacks were mostly in the form of surprise ambushes and guerrilla warfare, reflective of low tech warfare practiced by militants and villagers.
In some villages, escape routes run through treacherous river currents but still people continued to flee, fearing a worse fate if they stayed behind in Myanmar. In fact, that year she graced a large community event that featured a rare display of photographs of Rohingya people confined to their quasi-death camps in Rakhine state. Now celebrating its 50th anniversary, ASEAN needs to decide how to mediate and resolve issues with regional implications as its principle of non-intervention effectively blocks any constructive discussion on the Rohingyas ongoing statelessness and impact of this on the region. However, pro-Rohingya rights advocates argue that some of the Rohingya families have been in Myanmar for centuries.
Many view them as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, despite their long-established roots in the country.
Grandi said he hoped to discuss the issue of Rohingya statelessness with Myanmar authorities at a meeting in Geneva next week. Amongst the Myanmarese, there are Buddhist nationalist groups led by conservative right-wing nationalistic monks who are keen to eject Muslim Rohingya from their lands.
Buddhists are the majority in Rakhine state but there are also Hindu and Muslim communities as well as the Rohingya.
Guterres previously called the Rohingya crisis "ethnic cleansing".
"Because every day is burning villages, every day is killing people, killing children, raping women", he says.
The claims could not be independently verified. Others have fled into the jungles and the hills. Satellite photographs show the hundreds of burned villages they have fled in a country that has refused to give them citizenship for decades. Some refugees have stepped on government land mines and suffered decapitated limbs.
Myanmar rejects the accusations and has denounced rights abuses. "Their tales of persecution have saddened me and I assured them that the church will be with them in every possible way", Cardinal D'Rozario, president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Bangladesh told ucanews.com after the visit.
Meanwhile, in terms of humanitarian challenges, the Rohingya camps in Bangladesh have run into weather challenges caused by this year's strong monsoon season.
Meanwhile, worldwide aid groups in Myanmar have urged the government to allow free access to Rakhine, where an army offensive has sent more than 500,000 people fleeing to Bangladesh, but hundreds of thousands remain cut off from food, shelter and medical care.
Disappointing as this is, we must not forget that the primary force persecuting the Rohingya is the military and not the civilian government of Myanmar.
The aid agency's Emergency Health Unit team, which deploys to the frontline of major emergencies around the world, has been carrying out a rapid health assessment with newly arrived Rohingya while working in close collaboration with local authorities, the Ministry of Health and relief agencies. And there is a historical precedent: the 1989 Comprehensive Plan of Action on Indo-Chinese refugees saw cooperation between recipient countries in the region and the global community on how to resettle Vietnamese refugees (although Cold War considerations did play a part in that specific crisis).
Ms Suu Kyi, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1991, has outraged and bewildered many of her supporters around the world, who have urged her to denounce the violence that has taken place.
A "lasting solution" to the Rohingya crisis is a must, but it should not distract from the "prime call of duty" to respond to the humanitarian needs of refugees, he said. She has denounced any rights violations but worldwide pressure on her is mounting and there are calls for her Nobel prize to be withdrawn. Even the Dalai Lama came out to remind Myanmarese Buddhists of the teaching of Buddha in a bid to mitigate the conflict at hand.
Burma leader Aung San Suu Kyi addresses the General Assembly at the United Nations in NY on September 21, 2016.