Condoms can help prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but only about a third of Americans use them, a new federal report shows.
However, although condom use is increasing overall among men (ages 15 to 44), there was not an increase in use among USA teens, who have one of the highest rates of STIs, Copen said.
'Condoms are only effective when used correctly and consistently, ' Copen said.
The survey asked females why they had problems with using condoms. The data shows that nearly 15 percent of females and 19 percent of males reported using a condom for every sexual encounter within a given year.
Casey E. Copen, the lead author of the study said: 'The main thing that was found was an increase in condom use among men.
Condoms are the most popular contraceptive method in the United States, but they are not always used correctly to provide the optimal effectiveness. "Women have more choices [than men] when it comes to contraceptive methods that can be used to prevent pregnancy", Copen said. She is co-chief of the division of ambulatory care in the Women's Health Programs-PCAP Services at Northwell Health in New Hyde Park, N.Y.
Condom use is important because of what this form of contraception can protect against. The data was 2011 to 2015. The findings were compared with surveys from 2002 and from 2006 to 2010.
And 59.9% of women and 47.3% of men didn't use condoms at all during the past year. That's almost identical to the finding from the 2002 survey, in which 23.4 percent of the women said the man used a condom the last time they had sex. However, this figure is lower from the data in 2002, which was almost 68 percent of women and 63 percent of men, revealing that people are increasingly using more than one form of birth control.
Though the number is a large percentage of people aged 33-44 not using condoms, this is expected since more people are at the time where they are in a monogamous relationship or trying for a baby.
Another 25 percent of women and 33 percent of men used condoms plus hormonal methods such as birth control pills or implants. The report shows that almost 60 percent of women and 56 percent of guys relied exclusively on condoms.
In the report it said that 29.6 percent of women in the past four weeks of the survey had a problem with a condom.
It also makes sense then that guys who had casual sex with someone they saw "once in a while/were just friends/had just met" were more likely to use a condom every time compared to people who had regular partners.
Dr. Dennis Fortenberry is a professor of pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine.
Across all of the studies it was revealed that condom use increased as the level of education increased.
Stay safe, use a condom..
"Although condoms will never solve all of the STD and pregnancy prevention needs of a diverse population, they remain an accessible and low-priced technology necessary for comprehensive public health prevention approaches", he added.