According to the research, conducted by a team of scientists from the Universite Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris, France, When the Sun sets down and the temperatures of the Martian atmosphere plunge, the Red Planet starts experiencing sadistic and incredibly intense blizzards, turned out by active streams of wind. As the researchers revealed, the frenzied snowstorms on the Red Planet are capable of teeming down the small chunks of ice on the way to the Mars surface and are causing dramatic events after sunset. In addition, its thin atmosphere would not allow any liquid water to hold its form, although the atmosphere does have clouds of frozen vapor, Space.com reports.
They discovered that localised storms of rapidly falling snow, called "microbursts" can occur on Mars due to the cooling of cloud water-ice particles at night.
But until now, it had been thought that any snow precipitation that fell from these clouds did so as slowly settling particles, rather than in rapidly descending storms. He stated, "Snow could take something like just 5 or 10 minutes to fall 1 to 2 km [0.6 to 1.2 miles],". This new forecast came from a combination of data on water-ice clouds, collected by the Mars Global Surveyor and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft over the years, and data gathered by NASA's Phoenix Lander, which ventured to Mars in 2008.
These turbulent storms, which can only form at night, act to vigorously mix the atmosphere and, in some places, deposit snow on the Martian surface. It took nearly 3-4 years for researchers to come up with the Martian clouds model. "But my colleague David Hinson at Stanford University and the SETI Institute saw it higher up in the atmosphere and at night".
Dr Spiga added: 'We broaden the knowledge of the Martian meteorology, which appears very dynamic on local scales, which is important for the future human and robotic exploration'.
They could be reason for previously unexplained precipitation signatures detected by the American space agency's Phoenix lander, scientists believe. Spiga said, "We are able to explain two different mysterious and surprising observations with a single meteorological phenomenon - these snowstorms".